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The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries. It was put together by the Council of Europe.
The main aim of the CEFR is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe. Its six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual's language proficiency.
The Common European Framework divides learners into three broad divisions which can be further divided into six levels:
A. Basic Speaker
A1 Breakthrough or Beginner
A2 Waystage or Elementary
B. Independent Speaker
B1 Threshold or Intermediate
B2 Vantage or Upper Intermediate
C. Proficient Speaker
C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or Advanced
C2 Mastery or Proficiency
The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level. Click below for a description for each CEFR Level: